«It has not been a positive year, but one even worse than 2020». With these strong statements Eduardo Zamácola, president of Acotex, began this May 19 the presentation of the annual barometer of the Business Association of Textile, Accessories and Leather Trade, which analyzes the evolution of the sector in the year 2021.
According to figures provided by the employers’ association, in the last financial year fashion sales in Spain fell by 16% compared to 2020 (when the volume of operations was reduced by 41.26% compared to 2019). Thus, the sector’s turnover stood at 8902 million euros. Before the pandemic it had been €18 078 million, a cumulative decline of 54 %.
«That fall has affected the entire chain, so the number of workers employed has also been reduced by 5 %: the figure was 163 000 people, while in 2019 the total was 200 000, a drop of 19 %,» Zamácola stressed.
The shockwave of the impact also reaches the number of outlets: 2021 closed with 44,672 outlets, a year-on-year drop in line with that of the number of workers employed (5.16%). In 2019, the store network was around 62,000.
Another figure pointed out by the president of Acotex in the presentation was the average annual expenditure per family, which in 2021 was 786 euros, a decrease of 470 euros compared to the year before the pandemic. Per capita, the average annual expenditure fell by 9.30%: from 275.5 euros in 2020 to almost 250 last year.
The multi-brand market share drops below 10%
By chains, 38.1% of sales in 2021 were recorded in specialized chains, followed by supermarkets (28%), outlets (15.1%), multi-brand stores (9.9%) and department stores (8.9%). These figures show the loss of share of multi-brand stores, a channel that accounted for almost 60% of sales in the early 1990s.
As for the online channel, Acotex estimates that it accounted for 15.5 % of the sector’s total turnover in 2021. «It reflects the expected decline: in 2020 it went from accounting for 8 % of the total to almost 20 %, so the drop was logical in a year in which sales in physical stores have recovered,» assesses Zamácola.
By subsectors, women’s fashion accounted for 34 % of the total, men’s fashion 32 % and children’s fashion 15 %, while the home category accounted for 19 % of turnover.
Tourism on the rise, positive data
The increase in tourism in Spain had a positive effect on the fashion trade. More than 31 million tourists visited the country in 2021 (64 % more than in 2020, but almost 63 % less than in 2019) and spent 34 903 million euros (76 % more than in 2020, but 62 % less than before the pandemic). By category, fashion purchases accounted for more than 76 % of those made by tourists.
«It has been a tremendously tough year for which recovery was expected, but in which sales have fallen even further. For this 2022, the data for the first four months of the year are for growth. However, we must remember that this comparison is established with 2021, so we are still far below the pre-pandemic figures», in Zamácola’s words.
«It seems that we are seeing a recovery in the sector, but we must be very cautious, given the circumstances. The social and macroeconomic news is not the best, with increases in inflation, raw material costs and production, due to the fact that production is moving closer to Spain and the increase in the cost of energy. All this translates into price increases and also has an impact on the profit and loss accounts of companies,» said the president of Acotex.
As a forecast, and without setting a date for recovery, the executive said: «We expect double-digit growth. What we would be happy with would be triple digit, because that would mean doubling sales, but we know that it is impossible».
«Clothing is no longer a priority for the consumer. The sector is in a very precarious situation, additional financing is needed and the repayment of ICO credits is a sword of Damocles,» concluded Zamácola.